Glossary Of Unsecured Credit Card Terms
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A Glossary of Unsecured Credit Card Terms and Definitions – The Convenience of Plastic

  • Account Set Up Fee
    This is an initial fee that some banks or providers charge to start up your account.
  • Annual Fee
    In lieu of higher interest rates throughout the year, some companies charge an annual fee, ranging anywhere from $10 and up, and charge you lower interest from month to month.
  • Application
    This refers to the form that you fill out to give all of your personal and financial history to the credit company. They will want to know if you have any existing credit cards.
  • Approval
    This means that the provider or lender has said yes to your request, whether it is for a loan or a credit card.
  • APR
    This term actually stands for Annual Percentage Rate and it is what companies charge, per year, on the balance of your card.
  • Authorized Use
    This refers to the appropriate use of a credit card by it’s rightful owner.
  • Bad Credit
    This term seems negative in connotation but simply refers to a credit history that, for whatever reason, has not been able to stay on track.
  • Balance Transfer
    This means that you take the existing balance on your current credit card and transfer the money you owe to another credit card, preferably one with a better rate or options.
  • Budget
    This refers to the money that comes in and goes out on a monthly basis. Keeping a budget can help you to stay on track financially.
  • Business Cards
    These are cards that make purchases or transactions for a business purpose only and they allow for write offs and tax perks at the end of the year.
  • Cash Back
    This term refers to the option of receiving cash off of your credit card, similar to a debt card. Not all cards give this option.
  • Collateral
    Items of value that you can use to guarantee the payment of loans or debts. For example, you can use a car as collateral to take out a loan and if for some reason you cannot pay the loan, your car becomes the payment.
  • Consolidation
    This refers to the act of combining all of your debts into one smaller, easier to make payment, generally with less interest per month.
  • Credit Bureau
    This is the company that keeps your credit history on line.
  • Credit History
    Credit history refers to your personal financial background and will detail any loans, credits cards, mortgages, etc that you have held and how you have repaid them.
  • Credit Qualification
    Qualification refers to the necessary attributes that allow you to become the card holder of a particular card. For example, some cards require a minimum annual salary.
  • Credit Type
    Just as it sounds, this refers to what credit type you have and it is based on your history. If you have always made your payments on time and have never defaulted, your credit type would be considered “good”.
  • Debt
    This is how much money you owe.
  • Fees
    These cover a number of different costs from set up to annual fees and are particular to the given institution.
  • Financial Future
    This term requires you to look ahead, to plan and to budget, for what you what down the road. You should consider your financial future when making purchases and choices.
  • Fixed APR
    An annual percentage rate that does not change over a given period of time. Some APRs are variable, which means that they change or fluctuate.
  • Flexible Payments
    This terms refers to a company’s ability to accommodate your payment needs and abilities.
  • Goals
    Referring here to financial goals, this term asks what you want for yourself financially and sets a plan for how to achieve it. A goal is an intended desire that one plans to reach.
  • Gold Card
    A premium card, the Gold card offers those with great credit ratings a much higher limit than your every day credit card. (An average limit is $1500.00 whereas a Gold card limit can start as high as $5000.00)
  • Grace Period
    A period of time in which a provider will allow you to go without making payments or charging you interest.
  • Guarantee
    This terms means to be assured that something will come through, whether you get a low interest guarantee or a guaranteed approval.
  • Interest Free
    As it states, this means that there will be no interest charged for whatever reason, be it a promotional offer or a grace period. Certainly, some terms and conditions will apply.
  • Interest Rates
    These are variable percentages that providers charge per year for the use of their card.
  • Introductory Interest Rates
    Many companies will give you a lower introductory interest rate to get your business. After a period of time, you will pay a higher charge, similar to other cards. The benefit is that they will usually give you a low interest rate on your balance transfer and if it is high, you can save money in interest that you are paying.
  • Liability
    This is similar to responsibility as it means that you are in charge of the card and what happens to it. Many companies will say that they are not liable for lost or stolen cards.
  • Needs
    Unfortunately, different from your wants, your needs are things that you must have to live a safe, healthy life. Examples are food, shelter, and clothing.
  • No Credit
    This refers to people that have not previously carried a credit balance and paid it off whether it was via credit card or some type of loan.
  • No Hassles
    This is a promotional pitch that promises you will be given great service and rewards with no difficulties.
  • Payments
    Every month you are required to put money towards what you owe which is considered your monthly payment.
  • Personal Cards
    A personal credit card is used for your own use to make purchases that are needed for various reasons. This is different from a business card, which makes purchases that support or benefit a business operation.
  • Personal Loans
    A personal loan is a loan that is taken out in various amounts to help you through for whatever reason. Reasons could include home maintenance, school, travel, or just money to get through a rough spot.
  • Plastic
    A slang term for a credit card.
  • Platinum Card
    One of the premium cards, a platinum card holder knows few boundaries in terms of credit limit.
  • Premium Cards
    This is a group of cards for people or businesses with outstanding credit. They are offered special privilege cards that have higher limits, lower interest, or no limit at all.
  • Prepaid Card
    Some credit card companies have cards with the option of paying first and using later. This is generally for people who have had some sort of credit difficulty. You would put money onto the card and then have that amount to spend.
  • Promotions
    This refers to the various deals that companies offer to lure you to their business. Some deals include low interest, balance transfer rewards, points or air miles, or even money towards vehicles. If you’re in the market for a card, you can look around to see who has the best promotion.
  • Protection
    This refers to the insurance you can have on your card to protect you in times that you may not be able to make payments, such as the loss of a job. In addition, there is insurance to protect you if your card is lost or stolen.
  • Provider
    The company or lender from which you are obtaining a credit card.
  • Regular Credit Card (see Personal Card)
    This is a credit card that is used for personal purchases.
  • Rewards
    This refers to things that a company may give you for choosing their card, such as points towards various items or interest free balance transfers.
  • Secure
    This means that you must have collateral of some sort to have the card. You can put money down on the card before hand and use up to that amount.
  • Security Deposit
    This is a fee you put down to ensure repayment. In a way, it is like insurance for the lender just as a damage deposit is for a landlord.
  • Sign Up Fee
    Some companies or providers charge a sign up fee. You can find promotional offers or companies that do not charge this initial fee.
  • Student Cards
    These credit cards have a lower limit on them and often, a lower interest rate. They are helpful for students who are just starting out and do not have much credit history. You can find out about them through various banks and lenders.
  • Terms And Conditions
    This refers to the rules and regulations you are agreeing to when you become the credit card holder. For example, one condition may be that you make a minimum monthly payment.
  • Travel Rewards
    This is one of the perks offered with some credit cards and gives you miles or points for every purchase, which you can later use to put towards the cost of a trip or vacation.
  • Unauthorized Use
    This refers to when your card has been inappropriately used without permission. All unauthorized use should be immediately reported.
  • Unsecured
    This is a card that is free and clear and without the limits of needing collateral in order to spend. You can slowly increase the credit limit once you are approved and have shown that you can make your payments.

About The Author

Jody Holford is a successful freelance writer providing tips and advice for consumers purchasing a variety of consumer financial products such as low interest credit cards and credit cards for damaged credit. Her numerous articles offer moneysaving and safety tips of great value to consumers.

This "Glossary of Unsecured Credit Card Terms & Definitions" reprinted with permission.

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