A Glossary of Treadmill Terms and Definitions – A Defining Exercise
So you want to get in shape. You want to get a great indoor exercise machine so you don’t have to depend on good weather to get your workout. You get online and get hit with a bunch of terms you don’t understand. How can you be expected to buy something when you don’t know the terminology associated with it?
Hold on, we’ve got your glossary of treadmill terms and definitions here. Study it, and you’ll be qualified to make an informative decision when you make that important purchase. And we’ve also included some fitness-related terms, too, so you can have a better understanding of what’s required during your exercise program.
- Aerobic Exercise
The word “aerobic” means literally “with oxygen”. Aerobic exercise is long-term, moderate-intensity exercise that uses oxygen, carbohydrates and fat for energy. Examples are running, cycling or skiing – whatever type of exercise you perform without being out of breath.
- AC Motor
An AC, or alternating current, motor operates with a power source in which the voltage changes in magnitude and direction 60 times per second, or 60 Hertz (Hz).
- Anaerobic Exercise
The word “anaerobic” means literally “without oxygen”. Anaerobic exercise is short-term, high intensity exercise such as sprinting and weight-lifting. It uses mainly carbohydrates for energy as opposed to fat.
- Aerobic Metabolism
Aerobic metabolism occurs when carbohydrates and fats burn together with oxygen, causing the body to use stored sugar and fat to burn.
- BMI (Body Mass Index)
BMI is your body weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. 18.5-24.9 is considered normal, while 25+ is overweight and 18.5 or less is underweight.
- BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate)
BMR refers to the number of calories your body burns, while at rest, to maintain normal body functions.
A calorie is the unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water by 1ºC at 1 atmosphere pressure.
Carbohydrates are any group of organic compounds that include sugars, starches, cellulose and gums, and serves as a major energy source during exercise.
Cardiovascular refers to the heart and blood vessels.
- Continuous-Duty Horsepower
Continuous-duty horsepower is the maximum horsepower a motor can produce continuously. Anything above 2 continuous HP is considered good.
Crosstraining is a training technique that uses different types of exercise to provide variety, reduce over-training injuries and work different parts of the body.
- Direct Current (DC) Motor
A DC motor’s power source is constant in voltage and travels in only one direction.
- Drive Train
The drive train is the mechanical system that transmits power or torque from one place to another. The parts include the running belt, the drive belt, the rollers and the motor.
The footprint refers to the amount of floor space a machine takes up.
The hamstrings are the group of 3 muscles on the back of the thighs that runs from the lower part of the pelvis to just below the knees. They allow you to bend your knees and straighten your legs at the hips.
- Horsepower (HP)
Horsepower is a unit power equal to 33,000 foot-pounds per minute. All treadmill motors are given horsepower values, usually ranging from 1.5 to 5.0 continuous HP.
- Interval Training
Interval training is a common treadmill workout where the exerciser runs in intervals. Many studies suggest that this is the most effective form of fat-burning cardiovascular exercise.
Kinesiology is the study of the principles of mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement.
Metabolism refers to the series of chemical changes that occur in an organism, by which means of which food is manufactured and utilized and waste materials are eliminated. Metabolism also refers to the rate at which your body burns calories to sustain life.
- Safety Key/Clip
A safety key is attached to the exerciser’s clothing and connected to the emergency stop switch on the treadmill. If the exerciser falls, this key disengages and stops the belt.
- Target Heart Rate
The ideal target heart rate, that is, the ideal intensity level at which your heart is being exercised but not overworked, is determined by finding your maximum heart rate and taking a percentage of it.
Do you feel educated now? Those little things you need to know when buying any fitness equipment, whether it be an elliptical, stationary bike or a treadmill, is now clear enough for you to make an informed decision. So get online, and go shopping. We’re sure this glossary of treadmill terms and definitions has indeed defined exercise. And with these definitions under your hat, you’re sure to get what you want.
About The Author
Gareth Marples is a successful freelance writer providing valuable tips and advice for consumers purchasing treadmill parts, motors or mats, or quality elliptical training machines as well as treadmill ratings, reviews and comparisons. His numerous articles offer moneysaving tips and valuable insight on typically confusing topics.
This "Glossary of Treadmill Terms and Definitions" reprinted with permission.
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